Learn how you can help at home, in your community and at the state level to protect Texas springs and aquifers.
Groundwater and Texas Law
Groundwater is water that is found beneath the surface of the earth. In Texas, the guiding principle for the management of this precious resource is the rule of capture.
Groundwater Conservation Districts
Groundwater Conservation Districts have been Texas' preferred management tool for groundwater resources since the 1950's. These districts have the authority to regulate spacing and production of wells to ensure the availability of groundwater within the district's boundaries, and, within certain limits, they can deny a permit to withdraw groundwater based on the effect it may have on aquifer conditions.
Groundwater Management Area Process
Legislation passed in 2005 established a framework for regional collaboration among local groundwater conservation district managers on shared aquifers.
Surface Water and Groundwater Connection
The interconnectivity of surface and groundwater supplies is well documented and understood. However, Texas water law generally fails to adequately recognize this concept, and the state's planning and management strategies frequently treat groundwater and surface water separately.
Texas Groundwater Basics
Groundwater is a precious resource in Texas. Water from underground aquifers provides nearly 55% of the state’s water supply.